Physical Heart Disease
Based on statistics compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that include infections and defects. Unfortunately, it’s also a silent killer and until physical signs and symptoms appear, most people are unaware of the developing pathology.
Ischaemic or ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a disease characterized by ischaemia, a reduced blood supply or privation (lack of blood) of the heart muscle, usually due to coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries). It is the most common cause of death in most Western countries, and a major cause of hospital admissions.
One of the forerunners of cardiovascular disease is atherosclerosis, a condition that begins at an early age, in which fatty material collects, solidifies and over time may eventually block the arteries. There is an increased emphasis on preventing this inflexible effect of atherosclerosis by modifying risk factors, such as eating healthy food, exercising frequently, and changing lifestyles. It is the most common cause of death in most Western countries, and a major cause of hospital admissions.
(Upcoming are parts two and three of the series concerning Heart Diseases)